The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international organization dedicated to the development and adoption of standards.
Use free sample research paper on the topic to learn that the International Organization for Standardization was created in 1946, by twenty-five national organizations for standardization, on the basis of two organizations: the ISA (International Federation of the National Standardizing Association), founded in New York in 1926, (disbanded in 1942) and UNSCC (United Nations Standards Coordinating Committee), which was founded in 1944. In fact, its work began in 1947.
When the name for the organization was adopted, the need for the abbreviation name to sound the same in all languages was taken into account. For this purpose it was decided to use the Greek word ισος, which means equal, that is why in all the languages of the world, the International Organization for standardization has the short name “ISO.”
The scope of ISO standardization concerns all fields except electrical and electronics, which are within the competence of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Some types of work are carried out by common efforts of these organizations. In addition to the standardization, ISO concerns the certification issues.
ISO defines its mission as follows: to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world in order to ensure the international exchange of goods and services, as well as the development of cooperation in the intellectual, scientific, technical, and economic fields.
The official languages are English, French, and Russian.
Today, the ISO is made up of 165 countries with their national standardization organizations with total of more than 100 ISO member bodies. Besides the member bodies, the states that do not have their own standards organization may have the status membership in the Organization for Standardization as subscribers. The correspondent member category was introduced for developing countries. The committee bodies have the right to participate in the work of ISO Technical Committee, to vote on the draft standards, to be elected to the ISO Council and to be represented at meetings of the General Assembly. The correspondent members (their number is 42) do not work in ISO, but have the right to obtain information on the emerging standards. Subscriber members pay reduced contributions, are able to keep abreast of international standardization.
ISO includes guiding organizational and working bodies. Governing bodies are General Assembly (Supreme authority), the Council, and the technical management office. Working bodies are technical committees (TC) and subcommittees, technical advisory group (TAG).
The General Assembly is meeting officials and delegates appointed by the member bodies. Each Committee body has the right to submit not more than three delegates, but they may be accompanied by observers. Correspondent members and subscriber members can participate as observers.
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