Hochschild’s “King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa” gives a brilliant and detailed account of the atrocities of slavery, human rights abuse, and exploitation in the Congo by the King Leopold of Belgium. While giving the reader a glimpse of the themes and characters to be explored in the book, Hochschild opts to show how Morel came to terms with the wanton abuse of human rights in the Congo. The author then focuses on the mind boggling statistics of mass murder perpetuated by Leopold’s greed. Hochschild makes the reader appreciate his analysis by alluding to his first hand experience of the ugly situation when he worked as a journalist in the Congo. One of the questions triggered in the minds of the reader is whether human nature is inherently good or evil. Indeed, the author succeeds in urging the reader to read further in order to understand fully what the Congolese went through in the hands of King Leopold.
In the prologue, the author acknowledges that the story behind Leopold II dates back 500 years when the Europeans started looking for territories to conquer and gain wealth. In this case, Africa and Congo in particular was a perfect place to further Leopold’s ambitions and satisfy his greed. Previously, the Europeans had developed a misplaced image of Africa from the many stories they had heard. While some stories depicted Africa as a land of great wealth and mysterious inhabitants, early explorers were surprised to realize that they had to struggle through the unfriendly landscape. In addition, deadly diseases overwhelmed many explorers besides being horrified by aspects such as paganism, polygamy, cannibalism, and nakedness. Nonetheless, Congolese were also horrified by the brutality of the Europeans as Leopold introduced slave trade and forced labor. Not even Affonso I, the ruler of the Kongo Kingdom was spared by Leopold’s systemic slave trade. It is indisputable that though the Europeans saw Africa as a place where civilization was urgently needed, this was to come at a price due to the greed and cruelty of the colonial masters. Leopold was just propagating a colonial attitude and practice that had been in existence for many centuries before. Continue reading “Free Book Review Sample”
Why People with Somatoform Disorders behave the way they do?
Somatoform disorders are one of the main problems of any modern health system. These are patients who repeatedly come to seek medical advice and complain over (often changing) health problems (e.g., pains, breathing difficulties etc.). in a medical examination there will be no adequate physical findings, meaning that the complaint, even if the person really has a problem breathing of feels pain, comes primarily from emotional or mental background rather than of pure physical illness. The process of frequent visits to the doctor’s office without results is frustrating for both the physician and the patient, as well as costly to the healthcare system. Studies suggest that 15-30 percent of those who ask for medical advice have some kind of unexplained medical condition that falls into the somatoform category. Just to get the picture, a doctor who is visited by 50 patients a day will probably meet between 7-15 people like that until the end of his work day.
Let us try to look more closely into the reasons behind this phenomenon, which stands somewhere in the borderline between medicine and psychiatry. Indeed, there is very little pleasure in dealing over and over again with embarrassing medical examinations and bureaucracy, while knowing that a diagnosis will never be found. Continue reading “Essay on Somatoform Disorders”
In the article “The Other 1492: Jews and Muslims in Columbus’s Spain” Fouad Ajami describes the sad story of exile of the Jews from Spain in 1492. During this time Ferdinand and Isabella signed a verdict that all Jews should live the country leaving all their possessions behind them. The Jews traveled to the regions where the Jewish religion was still accepted – in Portugal, the Netherlands and Italian city-states.
The last ship with the Jews left the country on the 2nd of August and just a day later another famous ship left the shores of Spain – ship with Christopher Columbus on board. Months before these two events Boabdil, the last Muslim King of Granada, has also departed. The Muslims who left were offered to convert or leave the country and later even those who have chosen to convert were forced to leave.
The 10th and 11th centuries were times of prosperity for Jews and Muslims – these were times when literacy spread and economy developed, culture and philosophy were on their rise. The Jews lived well in Muslim Spain, however, the author describes as well anti-Jewish riot in 1066. Soon Muslims lost all their Spanish cities and with the Christian absolutist monarchy the life became unbearable for the local Jews. According to the author, around 25,00o people were killed in the massacres in 1391 and many had to convert. Those who converted could occupy important positions in the country. That also has aggravated the church and now it wanted to destroy the Jews completely. Many Jews escaped to the Ottoman Empire. The author calls the Muslim world of those times quite tolerant, but this tolerance was quite controversial. Now the Jewish quarters in the Muslims cities are empty. Continue reading “Article Review Essay Sample”
Scholars are mainly concern with finding explanations for the things we see around us. Their goal is not only to provide good arguments for why something acts or looks the way it is, but more importantly to use those explanations to create new understandings, based on analogies, natural rules and so on.
Scientific thinking is based on finding hard evidences for well-defined questions. Such evidences can be found through experiments, observations and prior knowledge, all are based on generally accepted mythologies, statistics and logical pattern of drawing conclusions. Many scientists using axioms in their thinking processes, assuming that some facts do not require further investigation.
However, scientific methods suffer from several significant disadvantages. One of the main disadvantages is the dependency of science on the limitations of human perception and intellect, as well as the tools that are used for the scientific research. The result is providing evidences which may be proven in the future, using more sophisticated technology, as false or that can be only partially true. Language also may lead to manipulations, as the usage of a word to define something serves not only as a name but also tells us something about the object itself.
Let us take, for example, my blue t-shirt. I think it is blue and so are 100 of the people I ask. However, the 101st person might be colour-blind. For him, my t-shirt is grey. Another person might say that the shirt is neither blue nor grey; his explanation will be that there is some chemical on the shirt that makes us to believe it is blue, because that is the way our brain analyse the visual information e gets from our eyes. Continue reading “Metaphysical vs Scientific Thinking Essay”
Why public speaking course is important to college students?
College studies are the main key for social mobilization and for sound professional development. The role of college has gone beyond the classical role of academy; its responsibility is to prepare its students at all levels, in particular to develop the interpersonal traits which are critical to succeed in the “new economy”. This responsibility of colleges has evolved from several main foundations; the main one is the new structure of jobs.
Today’s jobs are much more specific than they were in the past, and are expected to continue this pattern in the future; the 1920s “all-around” banker has disappeared, and has been replaced by the investment consultant, the loans clerk, etc. The same happens in most businesses and professions, especially in high-qualified jobs such as medicine and accounting. The direct result on the academic system is that professional training is much more an on-the-job process, whereas colleges are not expected to train students for performing specific tasks, rather than to provide an overview of the relevant field (at best). The graduate will learn a set of assignments to perform and then will be expected to master them only. Continue reading “Public Speaking Class Essay”
The Effectiveness of the Measure Done by the Government for Lehman Brothers in 2008
The modern era has witnessed a number of financial crises that have had an effect on economic functions in many countries. The economic turmoil in Japan and Hong Kong after 1990 and 1997 respectively and the global financial crises of early 21st century are some examples of recent crises in history. Governments worldwide play a central role in managing economic environments to either avert or mitigate the effects of financial crises.
Fiscal policy and monetary policy are the main tools that the government seeks to correct economic turmoil. In light of the frequency and effects of financial crises within the last and present centuries, various governments have adopted better steps in managing prevailing economic conditions. This has included reinventing fiscal and monetary policies and practices to improve monitoring and control of economic activities, provide frameworks on preparedness and recovery and offer financial aid to mitigate the effects of economic crises.
The 2008 financial crisis tested the financial structures of the US financial markets. Ideally, the epicenter of the crisis was the US Mortgage markets. The government decided on a stimulus program which aimed at increasing the money supply to ease credit in the market (Pariente, Bora & Omar, 2011). The objective of this stimulus program was to trigger investment through ensuring that institutions and individuals who require credit are able to obtain from commercial banks. This program was quite successful. However, it faced serious objections from the Republican Party. In this regard, the federal government opted to use US treasuries to pay for the massive fiscal stimulus programs. The 2008 financial crisis in the US and increased government spending as part of recovery was fundamental in demonstrating facilitated economic recovery through deliberate fiscal policy by the federal treasury. Continue reading “Lehman Brothers Essay”
According to the law, implied warranty is not something explicitly promised by a seller, but rather implied in the circumstances of a sale. For example, when a person is selling reading glasses, we automatically can assume that he understands something in what he/she is doing and can rely on his/her advise. Each time when we are buying we are assuming that the products are of proper quality and correspond to our expectations of such products. This refers to product’s merchantability. For example, when we buy vitamins, we expect that they will not harm our health, but on the contrary, will provide our body with the important elements, will be properly packaged and have necessary information about usage. We rely on the knowledge of a company producing the vitamins and a pharmacist selling them that the vitamins will contain the proper balance of the ingredients and will improve our overall health, in other words have proper quality commonly expected of such products. Continue reading “Essay on Implied Warranties”
François-Marie Arouet Voltaire (1694-1778) and Franz Kafka (1883-1924) were highly celebrated writers and social thinkers of their respective eras. As can be learned from their works, the two authors spent considerable thought reflecting on the role of religion and God in nature, society and life. This paper reviews some prominent works by the two and compares their attitude towards religion in terms of style, narrative and ideological perspectives.
Voltaire: The Unapologetic Arch Nemesis
Like many of his contemporaries during the Age of Enlightenment, Voltaire’s views on religion and its many facets were rather fierce. A self-proclaimed deist, Voltaire did not hesitate to criticize blind faith and organized religion and saw the latter as an obstacle in the way towards human liberty, progress and happiness, famously arguing against religious extremism: “those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.” Many of his works clearly and explicitly express these views, as well as the aspiration to replace the perceived repressions of the prevalent monotheism with a new sense of critical observations, justified reasoning and tolerance towards opposing views of nature and society.
One of the most celebrated examples for Voltaire’s criticism on the role of religion in society is his 1759 satire Candide. Briefly speaking, the thematic core of this short novel is a critique on the optimistic notion that God, as a perfect deity, created the world as the best possible world. The notion, which is usually referred to as Leibnizian optimism, is presented through the character of Dr. Pangloss, who argues that
things cannot be otherwise than as they are; for as all things have been created for some end, they must necessarily be created for the best end. Observe, for instance, the nose is formed for spectacles, therefore we wear spectacles. The legs are visibly designed for stockings, accordingly we wear stockings. Stones were made to be hewn and to construct castles, therefore My Lord has a magnificent castle; for the greatest baron in the province ought to be the best lodged. Swine were intended to be eaten, therefore we eat pork all the year round: and they, who assert that everything is right, do not express themselves correctly; they should say that everything is best. (Voltaire, “Candide” 12) Continue reading “Essay on Religion in the Works of Kafka and Voltaire”
In today’s fast moving world of technology many people find themselves trapped with no time to do all the things they want to. That is the reason why all services offered through the Web are constantly gaining more popularity. Many students prefer to take different courses online, communicate with friends online and as a result spend most of their time in front of the computer exploring the vast world online and everything it offers.
Online education is attractive for many, as it is convenient and saves a lot of time and money. Making a research is similar to online education in many ways. A constantly increasing number of students tend to use online articles, databases and libraries in order to save time and to be able to access more cost-free information from all over the world in a few mouse clicks. (Whitaker)
The research conducted on the topic “Online education” is based on articles and journal entries, published on the Internet. Some professors and scientists are reluctant to accept the validity and reliability of the internet sources due to the risk of plagiarism and the overuse of not cross-checked articles, low quality or false information. Despite all these facts, the use of electronic sources was chosen to save time and resources. Finding any information concerning any topic is extremely fast and easy, but finding reliable information online demands more time, a lot of patience and evaluation skills to determine the sources that can be used and cited. However, compared to the old fashioned library based research is much faster, but tricky at the same time. Knowing how to make use of the online sources saves costs, because ordering books or paying registration fees is not needed. Continue reading “Essay about Online Education”
My earliest memories are that of playing games in preschool. It was a fun time for me, at least that’s how I recall it now. The only things I had to worry about were: what will I have for lunch today, whether that big kid will leave me alone and which toy do I want to play with. My mother would always pack one of those perfect lunches for me, although, being a bit of a health nut, she wouldn’t always give me the snacks that the other kids had. I guess it was this upbringing that has made me health-conscious when it comes to food. Buying organic for me is a bit out of my price range, but I maintain fresh ingredient standards, stay away from fast- and junk-foods and manage to balance my meals. I’ve recently become a fan of cooking shows on TV, which have inspired me to explore the culinary world a bit, but not on a professional level. When I come home, the first thing I like to do is cook a nice meal. I’m not a vegetarian, yet there are many vegetarian dishes to which I have become accustomed to. A lot of my cooking influences come from Middle-Eastern and Indian cuisine. On occasion, I like to have friends over to share my newfound talents with them, and so far it has been a success. Continue reading “Essay on My Earliest Childhood Memories”