Adolescent Anxiety Research Paper

Adolescence is a critical phase in the growth and development of human beings as it marks the transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescents experience both physical and psychological changes. Not every adolescent can put up with the numerous changes they undergo. To some people, anxiety during adolescence is overwhelming and many results to severe psychological conditions. Some adolescents experience an overwhelming sense of fear while others find it hard to stop thinking about stressful situations. It is normal for everyone to be anxious for various reasons. Anxiety is a natural and essential emotion that every human being experiences in life. Psychologists affirm that anxiety to signal through a series of worry, fear and this alerts them that danger or sudden, frightening change is about to take place. In some occasions, anxiety is an exaggerated and unhealthy response to issues one might be experiencing in life. To some adolescents, anxiety becomes a chronic condition constantly affecting their ability to carry on with their normal daily activities with ease (Skriner et al., 2018). Incidences of adolescents’ academic performance deteriorating due to anxiety have been reported indicating the severity of the condition and its potential consequences. This anxiety contributes to a lack of interest in taking part in extracurricular activities in school, inability to make and maintain supportive friends among other social problems. This paper seeks to explore various issues related to adolescents’ anxiety, common signs of anxiety disorder among adolescents and reviews how adolescents can to be assisted to overcome adolescent disorders among other issues related to anxiety.

Adolescent anxiety is a disorder that varies from one person to another. Teenagers exhibit different signs and symptoms based on how they handle the situation or what is taking place around them (Garthe, Sullivan, & Kliewer, 2015). Common symptoms of adolescent anxiety include excessive fear, constant worrying, an inner feeling of restlessness and a tendency to be excessively vigilant. Anxiety causes teenagers to be extra cautious, even in situations that present no real threat to their well-being (Stein et al., 2018). Psychologists assert that in a social setting, teenagers affected by anxiety appear dependent, withdrawn or uneasy.

Adolescent anxiety makes people give the impression of being restrained or overly emotional without reason. Unrealistic concerns about social competence or the worries of losing control have been identified as common triggers to adolescents’ anxiety. This disorder is also associated with a range of physical characteristics. Anxious individuals may complain of muscle tension and cramps, headaches or stomach aches, pains all over the body and fatigue (Smokowski, Bacallao, Cotter, & Evans, 2015). Discomfort among adolescents due to pubertal changes also results in anxiety. A critical review of anxious teenagers reveals the possibility of experiencing imperfection, blush, sweat, hyperventilation, tremors and fright among others. From a psychological point of view, anxiety during adolescence centers on the physical changes they are undergoing. Many adolescents do not appreciate the changes in their bodies. On many occasions, adolescents will not like how their body looks or feels and doubt if they can be accepted socially (Skriner et al., 2018). Conflicts about being independent further complicate their desire to stay calm. A panic disorder, which is related to growing anxiety, affects more girls than boys. Intense panic among teenagers arises without any obvious cause. Panic attacks have been established to contribute to adolescent anxiety disorder. The panic attack has been described as an unexpected incident of anxiety that is followed by emotional and physical signs. Fears, which are an exaggerated and usually inexplicable fear, have been established as another possible cause of adolescents’ anxiety. Extreme fear leads to stress, which can lead to anxiety if it persists for long.

Six hundred respondents took part in the study. All participants were at their puberty stage. The study was deliberate in selecting only participants undergoing their adolescent’s phase in life because the subject under investigation related to a common challenge many adolescents experience. 55% of the sample was males while the rest were females. The sample was selected both from an urban and rural setting. Teenagers from all lifestyles were included in the study. The researcher did not only factor the middle class or the upper-class respondents in the survey. Teenagers from poor backgrounds were incorporated to ensure the study established many facts about adolescent anxiety as possible. Participants who took part in the study were aged between 12 and 19 years. The mean age of the participants was 16 years with a standard deviation of 0.75. 60% of the participants were of African American racial and ethnic affiliation (Garthe, Sullivan, & Kliewer, 2015). 10% were of Asian origin, while the rest of the group comprised American Indian, European American, and Native Americans. Only teenagers who could read and write were included in the study. However, the educational level of participant varied. Some were in colleges and universities while some were in universities. The teenagers who could not read and write were not eligible for the study as they could not read and understand the questions being asked before responding to them.

The study had both the dependent variable and the dependent variable. The independent variable was adolescents’ anxiety while dependent variables included age, genders, and issues taking place around a teenager. Adolescents’ anxiety was the primary variable. The hypothesis of the study was about what contributes to adolescent anxiety (Stein et al., 2018). The study also sought to identify common signs and symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety among human beings takes various forms. Different issues can contribute to anxiety. The study specifically sought to determine how puberty stage affects the psychological wellbeing of people undergoing the phase. Lifestyle, gender, financial welfare, social status in society and the presence of parents were other dependent variables that the study considered. Various variables where measured on a scale of zero to five. Zero indicated the variable had no impact on adolescent anxiety while five reported the variable had a high impact on the psychological wellbeing of the adolescent hence contributed to anxiety (Smokowski, Bacallao, Cotter, & Evans, 2015). After the scores were established, they are aggregated, and their average variable found. Ratings for various variables varied, indicating the variation in impact to the psychological well-being of members. For example, social status significantly affected teenager from poor backgrounds compared to those from financially stable families. Responses obtained from the study indicated that lack of finances significantly contributed to adolescent anxiety as it had a score of 4.6. It was established that lack of funds affected girls more than boys. Experience with various respondents differed significantly. While others were receptive and openly shared information as requested with much ease, others were not very open to the interviewers. Some respondents were shy to speak about some issues being discussed in the course of the interviews while some opened up with much ease. Some respondents preferred being interviewed in a group while some opted to be interviewed in isolation.

Participants were recruited using social media sites. They were required to share information about their age, marital status and place of residence before being considered further in the study. Similarly, there was physical recruitment of targeted participant in various communities during social events where fliers requesting teenagers to take part in the study were given. Teenagers were also asked to refer their friends whom they wished to take part in the study. A team of five interviewers then conducted interviews. The interviewers were trained in research protocols and how to be effective in communicating with interviewees before being allowed to collect information that later informed findings of the study. The interviewers strictly observed the accepted and standard rules that guide interviews. Interviews of almost all participants took place in public places of social gatherings in schools, social events and religious functions (Skriner et al., 2018). Only a few meetings were done in the interviewee’s homes. Questions for the discussion were not given to the participants before. Selected persons conducting the interviews introduced themselves to the respondents, established rapport before proceeding to ask the questions. Participants were not required to give personal information that could reveal their identity. All responses were recorded in writing and an audio recorder for further analysis. Respondents were assured that their data would not be used for any other activity apart from the study. They were further requested to give much correct information as possible to take the research adequately. The data collection process almost a whole month owing to the much time allocated to each respondent.

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Garthe, R. C., Sullivan, T., & Kliewer, W. (2015). Longitudinal relations between adolescent and parental behaviours, parental knowledge, and internalising behaviours among urban adolescents. Journal of youth and adolescence, 44(4), 819-832. doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0112-0
Skriner, L. C., Chu, B. C., Kaplan, M., Bodden, D. H., Bögels, S. M., Kendall, P. C., ... & Saavedra, L. (2018). Trajectories and predictors of response in youth anxiety CBT: Integrative data analysis. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000367
Smokowski, P. R., Bacallao, M. L., Cotter, K. L., & Evans, C. B. (2015). The effects of positive and negative parenting practices on adolescent mental health outcomes in a multicultural sample of rural youth. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 46(3), 333-345.
Stein, S. F., Ngo, Q. M., Austic, E. A., Veliz, P. T., McCabe, S. E., & Boyd, C. J. (2018). The clinical relevance of divergence in adolescent-parent reports of adolescent depression and anxiety. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal. Advance online publication. doi:

Daydreaming Research Paper

Daydreaming refers to the temporary detachment of an individual from the immediate environment. When a person is daydreaming, he or she is in a trance-like state of mind, and reality is replaced by a fantasy world where all dreams and desires come true. Basically, there are many types of daydreams and psychologists do not have a standard definition criteria. However, it is a universally accepted fact that all daydreams are dissociated from reality. According to Freudian psychology, daydreaming is a form of manifestation of suppressed thoughts and instincts in a manner similar to those of normal night dreams. In addition, psychologists agree that daydreaming is a form of wish-fulfilment that is induced by a sense of relaxation. Daydreaming strengthens the capacity of the brain and improves its physical health, but over indulgence in negative thoughts can lead to mental illnesses. Continue reading “Daydreaming Research Paper”

Personal Business Plan Paper

Background Information
Apparently, every sane student in any learning institution at least has a common goal which is to excel in their studies and be able to fend for themselves and their future families. In a summarized form we all need to earn cash to sustain for ourselves after school. The difference will come in on how each of us would like to earn that money. Interestingly this is where entrepreneurship comes in. This meant for the people who would like to be their own bosses and be depended upon by other employees. I personally like controlling what I do so I go for creating my own business. Notably, all business become successful if you make use of a business plan which is simply a benchmark that one follows so as to achieve their business goal (Leonard, 2010). It is like a roadmap since it tells you what to expect in the business and the alternative routes you can take to achieve your goals. Continue reading “Personal Business Plan Paper”

Global Economy Research Paper

Background and Context
In the modern world’s business environment, there is high competition between organizations because of rapid developments in the global market structure (Steers and Nardon 12). Therefore, there is need to structure the management component of any business organization properly to ensure increased productivity, sustainability, and competitive advantage. It is important to note that regardless of the business type, leadership and management of any business play a central role in achieving its objectives and goals (Kaplan et al. 4). Looking at the McKinsey & Company’s progress since its birth will ensure a comprehensive understanding of the management aspect of the business especially from a global perspective.

McKinsey & Company was founded in the year 1926 by Professor James McKinsey of University of Chicago (“McKinsey & Company” 1). The key aim of the company’s founder was to enhance accounting and engineering fields through development of professional advisors and managers capable of successfully leading any business organization to success. The company bears his name thanks to his efforts for ensuring nurturing and development of leaders and managers who are focused towards the global market. Continue reading “Global Economy Research Paper”

Uber Research Paper

Globalization denotes the reduction of barriers or boundaries that exist between people. Globalization has seen the world change to a village where communication which is the sharing of meaning has been made easy.

Various apps have been introduced to enhance this globalization, One such app is under which is a transit app that links a customer to a driver within a given location. The app uses GPRS and mobile communication to understand the location of the customer for easy movement. The growth and development of uber has seen transport made easy with people getting picked and reaching their destinations without having to travel to a central location to access public means of transit. It has also improved convenience and above all led to economic growth and development of the countries like the UK where it started (Chang 1). Continue reading “Uber Research Paper”

Fishing Industry in Atlantic Canada Research Paper


Traditionally fisheries were a constituent part of the life of peoples inhabiting Canada. In fact, it is a historical trend which may be traced from the experience of native tribes till the present moment but, it is worthy of note that basically, it is after the arrival of Europeans fisheries in Canada acquires the mass scale. In this respect, it is important to underline that the richest region for fisheries was and still is considered to be North Atlantic, territory which are characterized by rather severe climate, but, nonetheless, extremely rich in different species of fish.

At the same time, it should be said that fisheries in the Atlantic Canada have undergone several stages of their development. Basically they may be defined as follows: the first stage when the native tribes and first Europeans were occupied by fishing; than European influence grew and they eventually colonize the continent and organize their fisheries concessions that significant changes in traditional fisheries; after that the competition between European and colonial fisheries became so serious that it was even possible to speak about the fight for fishing grounds; and, finally, the 20th century, probably one of the most important and controversial periods in the development of fisheries in the Atlantic Canada which actually lasts till the present moment. In such a way, it is possible to estimate that fisheries in the Atlantic Canada developed evolutionary and was characterized by gradual growth from occasional rod fishing to mass fishing which is the characteristic of the today fisheries. Continue reading “Fishing Industry in Atlantic Canada Research Paper”

Employee Training and Development Research Paper


Predominance of competition in the contemporary business environment conditions new patterns of behavior for the companies operating in the market. Nowadays, almost every company has access to high technologies, innovations and high-production equipment, thus, in order to attract new customers it is necessary to implement certain changes in personnel by using training and developing programs for employees. The main purpose behind any of such programs is to increase employees’ performance by making them more skilled and highly qualified. Being one of the essential elements of interrelation between employers and employees, training appears to be an effective tool not only in developing an employee professionally, but also morally, by making him/her more confident about the job that needs to be fulfilled. Training and developing of employees is not an easy process, which involves a lot of time, money and effort, however, very often the results, which may be outstanding, completely pay off the costs. Thus, the importance of it cannot be underestimated. Continue reading “Employee Training and Development Research Paper”

General Theory of Addiction Research Paper

Everybody knows what addiction is – when the person needs some stimuli to enjoy the world around. For example, smokers need nicotine to feel good. However, the physiological addiction is much more serious because the person does not want to change his life, sees no future and lives in past. Such addiction is based on the high level of emotional involvement, such addicts fear unpredicted experiences are not able to tolerate the change according to the “General Theory of Addiction”. The song “Mr. Tambourine” by Bob Dylan is an example how the addict wants to find psychological security but is unable to achieve.

The lyrics of the song “Mr. Tambourine” is not very easy to understand, but from the first lines the reader can sense that the author is in despair and is very unhappy. “There is no place I’m going to” – it does not mean that the author has no place to go, it is rather that he does not know where he goes. He recalls the evening “empire” which turned into “sand vanished from my hand”. The author was happy in the evening, but probably not real – it happened in his mind while in the morning he faced the reality. Continue reading “General Theory of Addiction Research Paper”

The Second Epistle of John Research Paper


The second Epistle of John is the 63th book of the Bible. It’s the shortest part of New Testament, which consists of only 13 verses. The word “epistle” derives from the Greek language and is translated like “letter”. In the Bible Epistles compose a group of books of the New Testament. There is a version that Epistles were written like the letters in the beginning and that is why they got such a name. The word “epistle” is used sometimes not only for the books of the New Testament. It can refer to the open letters, written by the high religious authorities even nowadays.

Despite its small size The Second Epistle of John raises a lot of questions among scholars. There are many controversial issues concerning this book. The authorship of this epistle is a subject of loud disputes. The dates it was written do not cohere with the dates it was composed. There are different versions about the addressee of the Epistle. In my work I will try to study these doubtful issues and their possible influence impact of the Epistle to the Christianity.

The Authorship

The Second Epistle of John is imputed to John, one of the twelve Apostles though nowadays this authorship and even the person of John himself is put under the doubt. Continue reading “The Second Epistle of John Research Paper”

Behavior Observation Research Paper

Human relations, being very complicated, still can be structured and systematized. Human society represents a complicated structure where each individual occupies his own place and has his own social status. Such a structuration of society may be observed everywhere, in all spheres of human life, from an average family to the most sophisticated political institution. Moreover, nowadays human relations gets to be more and more complicated and the structuration of society often coincides with the creation of interest groups which stand on their own ground and which views and beliefs may be different from the rest of the society. At the same time, each individual remains independent and playing a particular role in the society regardless his/her belonging to any social group but obviously such the importance of an individual belong to influential social group increases dramatically that, nonetheless, does not change social differences between all members of the society. Continue reading “Behavior Observation Research Paper”