Personal literature has been involving especially when the correlation between personality traits is the subject of the matter. Consistency in psychometrics of correlations between traits has been difficult given the fact that human beings are distinct and dynamic, and so do their characters. However, some predictive validity between different personality traits can be achieved to help in describing the general correlation of different characteristics.
Predictive validity is defined as the degree in which a score under one scale for a given trait predicts the outcome of the score when an unusual feature is investigated. Despite the underlying difference of the extraversion impact on the level of positive affect, there exists a relationship between extraversion and positive affectivity, whereby they both classify an individual as either an introvert or an extrovert, and biological concept in which the dopamine receptor impacts on positive affect and also the biological factor influence feeling of pleasure.
Extraversion and positive affect have been discussed and proven to correlate. According to Srivastava, Angelo, and Vallereux (2008), extraversion is the behavior that is depicted by individuals who are talkative, outgoing, and energetic. Nonetheless, it is with no doubt that every person exhibit either extraverted or introverted behaviors. However, Jung (1995) reiterates that the dominant behavior helps in classifying people as either extroverts or introverts. Therefore, the concentration of interest and the general attitude of an individual towards external objects are essential when carrying out such classifications. Based on the big five classifications of personal traits, positive affect is often classified under extraversion, thus portraying a relationship between the two aspects.
Positive affect has a broad definition based on the individual interpretation of affective space. Patterson, DeBarishe, and Ramsey (2017) describe positive affect as the pleasant condition induced into a person by little things and events that happen daily throughout life. The link between positive affect and extraversion can be cyclic given that their association can be counter directional. Positive affect can be either low or high. However, extraversion is said to have less influence on the level of positive affect of an individual. The underlying disparity on positive affect among individuals is attached to the personal perception of pleasure. De Young (2013) indicates that genetics play an important role in creating a disparity between high and low positive affect valences. As Lucas and Baird (2004) support, this factor considers the genetic makeup of an individual as playing a considerable role in influencing the manner and level of perception that an individual has when exploring the environment. Therefore, the high and low positive affect valences are not correlated to extraversion. However, the general pleasure that an individual feels is motivated by the level of extraversion that person depicts.
The relationship between positive affect and extraversion goes beyond the environmental factors. In this regard, the biological component of an individual has been found to influence the feeling of pleasure. Studies have revealed that frequency and intensity of pleasure have been linked to extrovert personality (Westen and Rosenthal, 2005). In addition, the dopamine receptor subtypes in individuals influences the intensity of positive affect that different individuals experience. The dopamine receptor has been scientifically proven to influence circuit activation which consequentially influences intensity of positive affect. Hass et al. (2006) reinstate the fact that genetic differences in individuals is responsible for divergence valence of positive affect experienced by extroverts. On the other hand, neuroticism has been found to influence low positive affect in response to negative stimuli.
Personal traits are very distinct and dynamic given that human beings are also different and potent. Nonetheless, the predictive validity of an extrovert experiencing positive affect is high. This is confirmed even though individuals do encounter varied valences of positive affect. Various studies have confirmed that such disparities are associated with individual genetic makeup as well as biological influences. In addition, the relation between extraversion and positive affect is cyclic in nature, and thus sociability of an individual is the cord that links the two elements.
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