history of fashion studies type, way, representation, and the domination in society in the period of certain forms related to different spheres of human existence: art, clothing, speech, behaviour, etc., which are due to the national traditions, perceptions of aesthetic ideals, prevailing tastes, cultural and scientific achievements, the development of economy and industry, household needs.
Fashion, despite its authoritative, vivid expression, is short-lived, as there is an unquenched thirst for novelty and an attraction for diversity in human. Change in fashion is the rhythm, like the breath of life itself. That is why it carries prints of various phenomena. The fashionable outfits can be influenced by some artistic trends and fads of some dandies and political development and the economic stratagem by textile workers, it as well can be the conflict of generations, and the nostalgia for the past.
The history of fashion is perhaps the most truthful mirror reflecting through clothes the essence of society of the certain age. Ancient Greece gave us the classical art and philosophy. The human body was considered a standard of beauty and perfection. The clothes then were of high aesthetic level, and observed a certain proportion and harmony of lines.
The middle ages, during the Gothic era, were dominated by complex geometrical lines, asymmetry, imbalance, volume and color contrasts. Here the clothes were getting the suit “case,” turning human body away from its natural shape.
In the 17th century, Europe was reigned by the Baroque style with its excessive luxury, bombast, shapelessness, and decorative effect. The clothes were complicated and congested with accessories. Women were curvaceous.
In the 18th century, the Baroque style was replaced by Rococo. It featured finesse and elegance, quaint ornamentation. It was the so-called fashion of aristocrats: high hairstyles, excessive makeup, aromas.
The twentieth century put an end to the harassment of the human body. It got rid of corsets, ligation, overhead rollers, crinolines. The 20h century brought technological progress, speed, industrial production, have changed people’s living conditions. There were new styles, which were distinguished by their simplicity, functionality, choice of new forms, materials, and technologies. Clothing has become loose, comfort, and hygienic. Finally, there was an opportunity to combine. There were the practical clothes for wearing at home, at work, on for a walk outside. Women started to wear pants, which has become a symbol of the democratization of fashion.
In the last century, the fashion houses by the most famous fashion designers in the world, the so-called couturiers, began to take shape. Later in Paris, these fashion creators from around the world joined in the Association of “Haute Couture,” where to this day the world fashion is created.
One of these fashion houses belonged to Christian Dior. In the 50-s of the last century, he revived the tradition of the great luxury, made a splash with his New look collections. He created a new romantic country style-line dresses with a thin waist and bodice, embellished accessories: gloves, hats, and bags. It was an expensive fashion, but it was a trademark of the style and sophistication.
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