The world’s constantly growing population causes many environmental, social and economic problems. People are concerned about the natural resources and are unaware of the fact that overpopulation is a real problem that endangers life on earth as we know it.
Overpopulation leads to famine, pollution, unemployment and poverty, it is a real problem not only for underdeveloped countries, but also threatening the entire human population. Similar to the occurrences in the animal kingdom, the population growth sets a chain of events that can be catastrophic for human life on earth.
The natural resources are limited and are not able to meet the demands of the current population growth. The arable land is limited and there is lack of food that causes poor health and death from malnutrition. The supply of fresh water is also limited and the technologies for creating fresh water are expensive. The increasing population increases the demand for clean water in that way increasing the cost of living, because of the expensive methods for refining water.
Currently, the natural resources are at their limit and the population increases much faster than resources such as food, jobs, housing and medical care. A future of poverty, hunger and diseases are about to come if the population growth is not controlled. The situation in Africa and South America with growing poverty and spreading deadly diseases are a preview of what awaits humanity. (Busam)
Overpopulation does not only affect our lives in means of physical surviving, but also endangers our educational development. A study of Ohio State University showed that as family size increases, the children are doing worse at school.
Being informed about the shifts in the population’s distribution and size is very important as it affects politics and businesses. Politicians are mainly interested in changes that might affect voting and influence different social and government spheres.
The existence of human race is based on four biological systems- fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands. With the growing population and consumption, the capacity of all four is soon to be exceeded. Added the downturn in energy and oil production, a shift to new resources have to be made in order to prevent our world from disastrous future. (Jakab)
Unlike the population growth, the food supply rises more slowly. That will eventually lead to not enough food supply for the population or in other words – famine and mass death. It may seem unreasonable, but it is very likely that world conflicts may arise because of the scarcity of food.
Policies for control of the population growth have to be introduced worldwide to prevent future catastrophes. That is already done in some overpopulated countries such as China and Japan. Population is controlled by educating people, using propaganda, social pressures and also incentives offered to families with one child.
Similar practices could be introduced all over the world and studies show that stressful working environment decreases the population growth in Japan. Increasing women’s rights also results in slowing the population growth – that can be observed in developed nations as women gain power in society and politics, birth rates drop drastically. (Parfit)
Being aware of the environmental, economic and political problems overpopulation causes is one step closer to solving the problem and making the right decisions.
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Works cited Busam, Vince. "Overpopulation:The World's problem." (1995). Jakab, Cheryl. Overpopulation. Smart Apple Media, 2008. Parfit, Derek. The Repugnant Conclusions. Springer, 2004.