Child rearing is a purposeful formation of personality to make it ready to be socially active according to cultural normative models. By definition, child rearing is a mechanism for preserving the historical memory of a population.
Child rearing aims education-expected changes in child, carried out by specially prepared and consistently carried out educational campaigns and actions.
The concept of rearing is inseparable from other educational and professionalization activities. It correlates with the values of such functions as ability (knowledge, skills), planning (organization, control), and so on. These crosscutting links between the achieved volumes of submissions makes it possible to correlate it with the level of civility in society.
When in the teaching process, these functions allows you to create methodical maintenance depending on specialty.
In general, rearing is a process of signal inheritance — skills transfer to offspring through a conditioned reflex models with the aim of forming behavior, as well as its result (the presence or absence of education). In higher animals, this process is complicated by the many things, including in addition to the transfer of skills to adapt to the environment, also the skills of collective behavior (in the herd or flock).
Rearing is an essential element of a mutual game between children and parents. Many predators have more sophisticated games that include elements of the training with division of roles needed for successful cooperative hunting.
Lack of education, lack of manners often results in the wild to negative consequences, up to the disappearance of the species.
No animal spends so much time and energy to child rearing as humans do for bringing up a child as a person.
Rearing is essential in human society as it forms:
- the second signaling system (speech)
- behavioral activity focuses on changing of external environment
- activity, mediated through the modified elements of the environment (tools).
Thanks to these opportunities for modification, human population has created a specific genetic structure of non-genetic nature: culture and ethnic tradition. The phenomenon of the human population is laid in a qualitatively new way of collective processing of information and high speed processing of information by an individual living in the society, compared to the populations of the other higher animals. In principle, the human body is structurally no different from all the other higher animals, however, the combination of the two factors had a significant advantage in survival due to habitat alterations to the available human body adapting limits.
Defects in rearing are the so-called failures in the process of education when, for whatever reason, an individual does not develop some of the ethology stereotypes or, respectively, does not acquire certain adaptive rules. Defects in the education can be relatively harmless, but they can also pose a significant threat to the species and its habitat and environment.
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