it important to encourage teachers with the help of merit pay? How performance-related pay influence the quality of work? In my opinion, merit pay is extremely important for the increase of an employee’s performance. When one knows that he is able to receive a reward for his high-quality performance, he will try to work better. Furthermore, he will be able to work longer. Such a person is interested in her self-development and improvement of her professionalism, because her hard work provides her with the definite profit. I guess that teachers should be encouraged in the same way. I will try to prove my point of view with the help of the solid arguments.
Merit pay is based on the specific structure and principles of work of the human psychology. It does not worth mentioning that the quality of work and human performance depend on the reward. The absolute number of people would not work if they had their stable income. When one receives extra money for his successful performance, he will try to work better in order to get more money. To my mind, this encouragement is very effective, because it improves the quality of work. When we speak about education, we should say that this aspect is very important there. When a teacher is interested in teaching, students gain high-quality knowledge. Doubtless, a teacher will not work hard for the low salary, because this occupation is very difficult and consumes plenty of time and efforts. Teaching career affects nerves and deprives you from your personal life. Consequently, very few teachers are ready to work for nothing. Every smart person requires a reward for her performance. A teacher is not an exception. He should be encouraged and rewarded systematically.
There are many examples, which prove that merit pay influences the quality of work seriously. For example, the Teacher Advancement Program is a specific system, which works in many American schools. The teachers of these schools receive their salary regarding their performance. Naturally, this program was a simple experiment at first. The experts wanted to check whether these teachers improve their work if they get more money for their efforts. The results of this experiment were quite predictable. The number of the below-basic-level students reduced considerably. The teachers of these schools managed to invent new techniques and personal approach towards every student. They explained their material better and their lessons became more understandable to students. Moreover, the teachers began respecting and praising their job. It is the best solution of the problem of employee turnover. They no longer give up their job with the aim of finding a more lucrative occupation. I suppose, this approach is very useful, because teachers provide children with the better knowledge and they improve their teaching skills and professionalism simultaneously. Consequently, a school obtains professional staff and improves its performance rate, which makes it popular and prestigious within the borders of the entire state. Such schools obtain grants and benefits from the state budget.
Of course, there is a big disadvantage of merit pay. This policy requires much money. Every school, which practices performance-related pay, should possess solid funding in order to provide their teachers with high salaries. Most often, these schools have to spend their entire grants to cover the expenditures on this program. Consequently, very few schools are able to embody the policy of merit pay. They require support of the state or local organizations, which are ready to donate money to education.
Merit pay is a very interesting topic for discussion. One can observe it from the side of psychology and economy. In my opinion, merit pay is the best encouragement, because it improves the performance of every employee. Teachers deserve this payment for their hard work and devotion. On the other, hand, this program is very expensive and very few schools can afford it.
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