Various aspects of human living are tied to the daily lives that people live. For instance, architecture reflects the elements of the respective society where a building is situated. Human behavior plays a crucial role in shaping the architectural landscape of the surrounding environment. All aspects of design and creativity show that the respective society significantly impacts what artists can proclaim as artwork. As a result, this paper is a literature review that analyzes human behaviors in architecture.
There is a need to link various architectural works to human behavior to show how they reflect human living in general.
Human cognition and behavior affect the built environment. From ancient Greek technology to contemporary building homes and other living spaces, we can see how human evolution has changed how people design and develop the environment (Latour 18). Delzendeh et al. also confirm this notion by stating that energy needs contribute to the changes we can see (Delzendeh et al. 1062). Each new civilization came with its way of handling things in society. For instance, the use of brick to raise walls of buildings is considered as a measure to fortify living spaces against external attack. Ancient civilizations used this architectural design to ensure that they remained safe and avoided aggression from savages. We can see that the human behavior of striving for protection influenced these architectural designs in the ancient world.
Recent human behavior has influenced the design of modern buildings and other living spaces across the world. Merchant observes that climate change is a result of direct human activity over a period (Merchant 69). In this regard, the author argues that modern facilities follow a trending design that aims to address the effects of climate change on humans. Due to this, developers are seeking the services of people who have expertise in modern climate-friendly buildings and designs. Though this is a bit expensive, countries are now making it mandatory to develop structures that address climate change’s impact on the general population.
The need to connect to nature has influenced modern humans to develop designs that reflect nature’s impact on human living. Over the last few decades, the climate has been undergoing significant changes that can affect the world as we know it currently (Calvino 2). The world is experiencing flooding, drought periods, and other abnormal climatic conditions. As a result of these new developments, it is becoming a necessity to build houses that can withstand the forces of these recent weather changes. It is now common to see architects creating designs with deeper foundations to withstand the extreme weather conditions that are now becoming common. Drainage systems to handle flood water are getting advanced. Modern buildings are also implementing modern water harvesting techniques that include gutters and underground water tanks that can use the floodwater from continual rain.
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Human behavior has influenced the way buildings connect with the natural environment. It is becoming common to spot buildings that have plants growing on them (Choi 4). People are getting enlightened on the need to conserve the natural environment even as they try to modernize their living spaces. Modern mansions, bungalows, duplexes, and other architectural designs are ensuring that they incorporate plants in their developments. Apart from that, modern buildings are taking shapes of natural features like mountains, hills, and forests, among other influences. It shows that humans are making a deliberate effort to come up with buildings that reflect their environmentally friendly nature. They want to synchronize their actions and attitudes with natural appearances.
Human behavior has influenced the current changes in climatic conditions. Rising water levels in oceans and an increase in global warming are among the most significant changes that we can witness (Choi 4). Architectural designs in islands and areas that border oceans and seas are now considering this factor. They need to consider concerns about rising ocean levels and an increase in inland water bodies’ general levels. Such occurrences have a significant impact on such lands because if they escalate, the lands can get submerged in water. Therefore, humans need a way to counter these adverse effects of climate.
Humanity is considered as a species that can influence its extinction through actions that destroy nature and the natural environment. Activities in the last few centuries have shown that humankind can create an artificial effect that can lead to the destruction of the natural landscape (Colomina and Wigley 127). Maywald and Riesser also contribute to this idea by arguing that sustainability is driving modern designers into coming up with developments that can withstand the test of time (Maywald and Riesser 238). Activities that include the building of houses, roads, and other kinds of infrastructure can compromise natural resources like forests. It can create a contrived occurrence that can harm the people living around the area. It can force humans always to try to catch up with natural events. Quality of life, as a result, goes down significantly.
To summarize this review, linking architectural designs to human behavior can help in addressing some problems that occur due to poor construction. Human cognition and behavior affect the built environment significantly. Modern ways of living have influenced the way contemporary buildings get designed. The need by humanity to address climate change has influenced the way they design and construct buildings. They now try to come up with plans that can connect with the natural environment. Since humans can contribute to their extinction through destructive actions, they have to ensure that they care for the environment to avoid this phenomenon.
Works Cited Calvino, I. Marcovaldo or The Seasons in the City, trans. W. Weaver (London: Vintage, 2001). Choi, Esther. "Sustainability's Image Problem." 2019: pp. 2-16 Colomina, Beatriz, and Mark Wigley. Are We Human? Notes On An Archaeology of Design. Zürich, Switzerland: Lars Müller Publishers, 2016. Delzendeh, Elham, et al. "The Impact of Occupants' Behaviours on Building Energy Analysis: A Research Review." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 80, 2017: pp. 1061-1071. Latour, Bruno. "Facing Gaia." Six Lectures on the Political Theology of Nature', Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion, 2013: pp. 18-28. Maywald, Carl, and Florence Riesser. "Sustainability–the Art of Modern Architecture." Procedia Eng, vol. 155, 2016: pp. 238-248. Merchant, Carolyn. The Death of Nature. London: Wildwood House, 1980.