Carbon emissions mean the total amount of CO₂ released in the atmosphere, due to direct and indirect human activity.
Since there is still no internationally accepted definition, it refers to greenhouse gases even involving additional factors.
Carbon emissions (measured in CO₂) and greenhouse gas emissions (measured in CO₂ equivalents) are often measured in tonnes per year or in vehicles in grams per kilometer.
Students who write their research papers on the topic must know that carbon emissions have increased in recent years, especially since it could became a useful tool to determine the climate impact of products, services, and other events in the life of every person. Only with this information we can effectively minimize the climate impact by providing symmetric country measures – for example, to reach the limiting of the global warming to 2° C.
The motor vehicle tax in Europe is calculated according to §8 of the Road Code not only taking into account the engine size, but also the dose of the specific pollutant emissions and CO₂ emissions per kilometer driven.
The product carbon emission describes the sum of greenhouse gas emissions throughout the entire life cycle of a product in a defined application and related to a defined usage unit.
The product life cycle is to cover the entire value chain:
- Manufacture, production, and transportation of raw materials;
- Production and Distribution;
- Use, recycling;
Of all the variants of the product carbon emission is examined in the most detail. The CO₂-labeling of goods and services could have a great future.
In 2008 the UK, BSS (British Standards Solutions) developed standardization of the methodology of the product carbon emission control with the British Standard. In 2011, the largest British retail group Tesco claimed to be over 500 products in the UK and in South Korea, according to this standard. However, the entire value chain is not always included. Such labels were also introduced in part in Japan and Thailand.
In Germany, the product carbon emission is under surveillance of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, the Federal Environment Agency and the Öko-Institut, according to the final memorandum, but no further actions are taken before the ‘ISO 14067′ to account for the CO₂ footprint of products is available as an additional confusion of the population should be avoided to the approximately 400 existing labels.
According to the definition above, the CO₂ footprint of individual food is “on the order of a few tens of grams to several kilos of CO₂-eq per kg food. Beef, for example, has extremely high values, with around 13 kg CO₂-eq per kilo.” The values can vary greatly depending on the transportation, storage, and preparation method).
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