The cause of many diseases is a reaction to modern living conditions and lifestyle. Stressful situations can have a catalytic effect, but can also lead to disease. Stress, especially if it is frequent and lengthy, have a negative effect on the psychological state as well as physical health.
When a conflict situation requires quick reaction and immediate response, the body triggers the mechanisms of adaptation.
Those college students who are about to prepare their first research paper on stress and health have to know that stress interferes with the person’s behavior, leading to such common disorders as depression, anxiety, emotional instability, neurosis, mood decline, or, conversely, anger, excitement, fatigue, insomnia, impaired memory, etc.).
Stress can manifest itself, for example, through high blood pressure, inability to fall asleep at night or on weekends. People exposed to stress, often feel tired. Various trivia or other people remarks may seem so annoying to them that it can bring people out of themselves for the day. Stress weakens the body’s resistance forces, causes changes in the autonomic nervous system, hormonal glands, and metabolism.
Biochemical reactions under stress occur at an accelerated pace, increasing the body’s energy potential and allowing to react to the threat with redoubled force. Increase in the adrenal glands release adrenaline, which is a common high-speed stimulator. Hypothalamus, “emotional center” of the brain, sends a signal to the pituitary gland and the adrenal cortex, which increases the synthesis and release of hormones into the blood. The hormones change the water-salt balance of the blood, increasing the pressure, accelerate the digestion of food and release energy, increase the number of leukocytes in the blood by stimulating the immune system and triggering of allergic reactions. Pulse quickens, blood pressure and blood sugar increase, breathing becomes frequent and intermittent.
Currently a new direction in medicine is developing. It is called psychosomatic medicine and treats various forms of stress as a primary or contributing factor for many diseases. Since stress affects the psycho-mental state, causing anxiety, depression, inner restlessness and agitation, aggressiveness. That is why the force of resistance to the inevitable stress, capable of reducing preventable stress is so critical for good health.
It is important to eliminate situations that lead to excessive demands; it is necessary to generate positive thinking and positive attitude, since it is the people prone to depression, tend to look at yourself and your life experiences through the “dark glasses.”
There are several methods of psychotherapy:
- group method – to resolve the difficulties in communication, self-knowledge, self-esteem and acquire autonomous etc.;
- family method – to harmonize the marital relationship, parenting;
- auditory training – for volitional influence on autonomic manifestations;
- music therapy and others.
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