Japanese internment camps refer to the forcible transfer to special camps about 120 thousand Japanese people (of which 62% were American citizens) from the West coast of the United States during World War II. About 10 thousand were able to move to other parts of the country, the remaining 110 000 were imprisoned in the camp, officially called “military move” centres.
Use free sample research papers on Japanese internment camps to learn that in many publications, the camp were called the concentration camps. The internees could request the Court to review their case. (One of the interned Japanese Mitsui, Endo, appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States, which, having reviewed her case, ordered her release (1944).
The president Franklin Roosevelt authorized the internment, by signing the February 19, 1942, the Emergency Ordinance No. 9066, which authorized military authorities define the eviction area and move any civil person. As a result, all citizens of Japanese ancestry were forcibly evicted from the Pacific coast, including California and most of Oregon and Washington to the internment camps.
In 1944, the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of internment, arguing that limiting the civil rights of a racial group is valid if it is “required by public necessity.” In January 1945, the eviction laws were repealed.
In 1948, the internees had been awarded partial compensation for lost property, but most of them have not been able to fully compensate their loss. In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed the document on behalf of the Government of the United States with apologies for internment by racial prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership.”
The history of the event dates back to the early 20th century, when California has experienced a wave of anti-Japanese protests caused, in part, by the high concentration of new immigrants. The California was different from the rest of the country: approximately 90% of Japanese immigrants in the United States settled in California, where competition for jobs and land led to anti-Japanese sentiments. In 1905, the California law prohibiting mixed marriages has been amended to prohibit marriages between whites and “Mongolians” (an umbrella term used to refer to Japanese people among other peoples of East Asian origin). In October 1906, the San Francisco Board of Education voted for the segregation of schools by race. 93 students in the district were ordered to transfer to a special school in Chinatown. 25 of these schoolchildren were American citizens. These anti-Japanese sentiments have not ceased, as is evidenced by the “law to exclude Asians,” 1924, which made it almost impossible for the Japanese to obtain American citizenship.
By the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, about 127000 Japanese lived on the West coast of the continental United States.
Around 80000 were born in and had the nationality of the United States, while the rest were born in Japan and had no right to citizenship.
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