Stone Age diet, Paleolithic diet, or Paleo diet is a nutritional plan that implies dieting as it was in the time before is neolithic revolution (with the beginning about 20,000 to 10,000 years ago), bringing agriculture and animal husbandry. In contrast to the low-carbohydrate diet, the Paleo diet does not limit amounts of high glycemic products.
The Paleo diet has become popular in recent times. According to the proponents of the diet, humans are assumed to have during the time of hunter-gatherers to agricultural society beginning in the Middle East about 10,000 years ago. Paleolithic, or Old Stone Age, is an archaeological period that began about 2.3 million years ago and lasted until about 10,000 BC.
University students, who have chosen the Paleo diet topic for their research papers must realize that the principle of this diet is based on the assumption that man has not changed, or has changed very little, purely biologically, since Paleolithic times while the diet has changed a bit more. The Stone Age diet is thus an attempt to define a diet that is closer to the human purely biologically.
Examples of foods that can be part of the Paleo diet is lean meat, fish, vegetables, fruits, root vegetables, nuts, etc., and excludes grains, dairy products, salt, added sugar, and more.
The word Stone Age diet can be very misleading since the Stone Age also includes the period known as the Neolithic (Late Stone Age).The popular term “Stone Age Diet” does not refer to what was eaten during the Neolithic (Late Stone Age). In the Neolithic period, agriculture and animal husbandry were introduced.
During the Neolithic man started to eat the following foods:
- Dairy products such as cheese, butter, yogurt, and sour milk.
- Cereal crops, such as wheat, oats, rye, rice, and barley.
- Meat of domestic animals.
There are not so many people on earth who are able to drink lots of milk in their adulthood: only people originating from Northern Europe and North America, as well as some pastoralists such as the Maasai in Africa can do this. It is the carbohydrates, or the lactose in the milk we did not manage to digest and which is usually called lactose intolerance. Some people are allergic to cow’s milk.
Most cereal currently grown are varieties that do not grow in the wild. The few exceptions include spelt and buckwheat. It is speculated that these plants and their seeds were used in the Stone Age, but then it was eaten in the form of whole grains. Something like bread was not baked at the time. At the time, the main food of collectors and hunters was fruits, nuts, roots, and vegetables. The grain could not be the main food, as it required new technology to grow it in sufficient amount.
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