Self-confidence is an individual feature, the core of which is the positive assessment of the individual’s own skills and abilities, as sufficient for him to achieve significant goals and meet its needs. Self-confidence, as a basis for adequate behavior, should be distinguished from self-sufficiency.
The basis for the formation of self-confidence is a sufficient behavioural repertoire, the positive experience in solving social problems and success in achieving of the individual’s own objectives (needs). Positive subjective evaluation of the results of the individual’s own actions and evaluations, which are recognized by other individual, opinion of which is respected by the individual is more important to form self-confidence than an objective standard of success, social status, money, etc., by the individual himself. The positive assessment of the availability, quality, and efficiency of his own skills and abilities determine social courage in setting new goals and tasks, as well as the initiative which the person manifests at their implementation.
General self confidence is a positive assessment of your own skills and abilities and very similar within the meaning of the concept of the general self-efficacy by Albert Bandura.
Social courage is the opposite of social fears and is expressed in positive emotional background that accompanies any, including new, social contacts. Initiative in contacts is in readiness for such contacts.
A high level of self confidence reduces fear and leads to risky behavior. A confident person tend to diminish the real risks and ignore the real threat. Therefore, overconfidence may affect the perception of your own health (confident people can sincerely believe that they can, say, smoking and abusing alcohol, and there will not be any consequences). Overconfidence often creates and nourishes the false expectations (for example, people wrongly believe that they can easily give up bad habits).
A person, who behaves with confidence, speaks loud enough, clearly. It explicitly formulates its demands and desires, and reasons for them, it accurately expresses its feelings and emotions and uses the word “I” for self-determination. Its body muscles are relaxed. Facial expressions and gestures affirm what he says.
People with the lack of self-confidence, on the contrary, speak quietly and hesitantly. Their words are imprecise and uncertain. They bring extensive and unnecessary explanations. Instead of directly expressing their emotions and their demands, they try to express them indirectly and frequently use the impersonal sentences. They often hide or do not claim their own demands.
The lack of self-confidence also shows in the pose and posture. Persons with the lack of self-confidence behave abnormally, avoids eye contact; there are almost no gestures and facial expressions.
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