Sport Psychology is a field of psychological science, which studies patterns of forming and manifestation of a variety of psychological mechanisms affecting the sports activities.
Use free sample research papers on the topic to learn that sport psychology is a young branch of psychological science. The first mentioning about it can be traced to the articles by the Olympic Games founder Pierre de Coubertin at the beginning of the 20th century. The year of the birth of this trend in psychology can be considered 1913, when, on the initiative of the IOC, the Congress was organized, dedicated to the issues of sports psychology. In 1965, in Rome, the International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) was established, which evidenced the international acknowledgement of the sports psychology as a separate discipline in psychology. From 1970, ISSP begins to publish the International Journal of Sport Psychology. In 1967, the North American society for the sport psychology was founded, and in 1969, European Association of sports psychology was born. Then, over the years, similar organizations have been established in Japan, England, Germany, France, Australia, Brazil, and many other countries.
Truly actively sports psychology, as a separate direction of psychology, has been developed since the early 1960’s of the 20th century. The early focus was on the so-called differential psychology, which is the study of the differences of athletes according to individual characteristics. In addition, the athlete’s ability and capacity to act under stress and the ways to increase the effectiveness of workouts have been examined. A little later, the front of issues, studied by sports psychology, has been improved markedly. Programs were developed, taking into account the specifics of the individual’s abilities not only athletes, but also a specific order priligy sport. Using a common, pedagogical, social and developmental psychology (with individual work, team training, etc.).
There was the training programs for improving mental and physical ability of the athletes, their ethical, emotional and collectivist education. Special attention has been given to the motivation of athletes, not only during their participation in the competitions, but also during training, as well as the methods and ways of forming highly specialized perceptions in athletes: the sense of distance, sense of time, variations in the speed of a moving object, the feeling of the ball, water, the sense of anticipation (intuition). In addition, considerable attention was paid to the development of ways of imagination, to improve observation, tactical and strategic thinking, and the quality of interaction in groups.
The significance of sports psychology in modern sport is increasing every year. It is hard to imagine a sport club without a sports psychologist, not to mention the national team. Separate national Olympic teams have employed psychologists for each sport. Actively go study on psychological abilities of athletes. A crucial moment for the future of the sport is and will be the status of children’s sports psychology. Today, much attention is paid to the testing and selection of athletes, as well as their professional training at different age stages and in the course of training.
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