Many students do not understand the actual difference between technical writing and academic writing. The explanation is very easy. Academic writing occurs in education, printed media and literature. Technical writing is more specific and resembles instructions or official documents. Obviously, students have to get to know how to prepare both types of documents if they want to build successful career. It does not worth mentioning that every student has to prepare a lot of academic assignments which require academic style of writing. While at the workplace one will have to master technical writing in order to inform officials about the performance of his firm.
Tip One: The Place of Application
Doubtless, academic writing can be met in every educational institution. When a student writes an essay, a term paper or a research paper, he applies academic style of writing. Then, academic writing is a common style of writing among scholars, journalists and writers. When a scholar wants to share his smart ideas about the definite topic of his research, he uses academic style of writing. This format is understandable to other scholars and men of thought. When you read scientific periodicals, articles or movie and book reviews, you recognize academic writing. Technical writing occurs in business, official organizations and industry. When a company manufactures a product, it should provide this item with instructions. These instructions explain how to use this item in a step-by-step form. Finally, every document related with accounting, management, marketing, governance, etc. is written in a technical style.
Tip Two: The Main Purposes of Writing
Every piece of writing has its definite purpose and function. When we speak about academic writing, we should say that its main purpose is to inform readers about something. When a scholar writes his dissertation, he wants to deliver his point of view to the wide audience. Moreover, academic writing helps one persuade others in something. Such papers can have other functions. For example, one can debate, argue, inform, describe, compare and criticize different things in a common academic paper. Technical papers do not have such functions. To begin with, a typical technical document is personal. The author of a technical paper addresses the definite reader. Then, a technical paper should teach a client how to use the definite product. Finally, a technical paper describes all procedures that occur in a firm or official organization.
Tip Three: The Main Features of Writing
Every written paper has its definite style of writing. Every style of writing has its own characteristic features that help readers recognize it among other similar styles. It is quite easy to recognize academic writing. When you read an essay or a dissertation, you will notice learned words, a great number of terms and stylistic devices. Authors try to write in a fluent way trying to observe their problem from all possible sides. They can suggest several approaches towards research and analysis of their issue. Academic papers are always big-in-volume and occupy many pages of scientific text. Such papers possess logical structure. They should have an introduction, the main body and conclusion. Every academic paper is a composition about a specific topic. Technical papers a more or less short. A typical technical paper is a set of brief and precise instructions or guidelines. The language is poor and dry. You will never find any stylistic devices or learned vocabulary. The main duty of a technical paper is to teach someone in the simplest way. No wonder, the language is poor, neutral, unemotional and understandable to everyone.