Lymphatic Disorder and Respiratory Disorder Essay

Lymphatic Disorder
Lymphoma is a common cancer among people, which starts from the immune system’s infection-fighting cells, lymphocytes. These cells are located in the spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and bone marrow among other body parts. Therefore, the main attribute of a lymphoma is the overgrowing of the lymphocytes to the extent that it is out of control. The signs and symptoms of the lymphoma include fevers, swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpits, neck, and groin, and/or constant fatigue. The primary types of this condition include the Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, their treatment depends on the type as well as the severity of the condition, and it can entail immunotherapy, bone marrow transplant, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy (Sabharwal et al., 2013). The major cause of this cancer is not clear but it starts from the genetic mutation of the lymphocytes, which rapidly multiply resulting in unhealthy lymphocytes.

Respiratory Disorder
Asthma is a common respiratory disorder, which results from inflammation that is attributed by either reversible or irreversible obstruction of the airflow and pulmonary symptoms with varying extremity. The signs and symptoms of this disorder vary with the patient but some of the common symptoms include chest pains and tightness, coughing and wheezing, as well as shortness of breath (Wochenschr, 2016). The condition can worsen in various instances such as when it is induced by pollutants, heavy exercise or work and allergy-induced by allergens such as pollen and mold spores. Depending on the severity, asthma attack can be dangerous and life threatening and it is important for the patients to see a medical practitioner regarding the condition more so when the symptoms deteriorate. The main causes of asthma are not clearly established but studies have indicated that it is caused by an amalgamation of genetic and environmental factors (Wochenschr, 2016). Similarly, it is important for patients to have regular checkup regarding their asthmatic situations because its severity can be life threatening.

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Robin Sabharwal, R., Sircar, K., Sengupta, S., & Sharma, B. (2013). Update on classification of lymphomas. Dental Hypotheses. DOI: 10.4103/2155-8213.110180
Wochenschr, W. K. (2016). Diagnosis and management of asthma – Statement on the 2015 GINA Guidelines. The Central European Journal of Medicine, Vol. 128(No. 15). DOI: 10.1007/s00508-016-1019-4