theory (from the Latin “conspirare” meaning breathing together) is a hypothesis or theory about a conspiracy or plot. Often the term is used in the pejorative sense, but can also refer to factual hypotheses about actual combinations.
It is common to use the term in the pejorative sense of the word. Usually the story involves a group of powerful or influential individuals or institutions. These people are often assumed to have vast resources at their disposal and working in secret to achieve economic or political power or other benefits. Typically, however, there are a number of people, conspiracy theorists, who see it as their mission to uncover the truth for the unknowing public and feel constantly under threat of being muzzled because of their knowledge.
The widely known and persistent conspiracy theories in the modern era, which is widely considered to be groundless, are the moon landing conspiracy and the circumstances surrounding the Kennedy assassination in the 1960s. Many conspiracy theories are also applicable to major events in world history and are explained by the conspirators behind the scenes manipulating and staged political events.
One example is the theory of the power of prophecy, the Knights Templar and the Freemasons were the secret societies that were behind the French Revolution. Actual conspiracies in the 20th century, include the July 20 plot against Adolf Hitler and president Nixon and his staff’s attempts to cover up the Watergate scandal.
A conspiracy is by definition something that participants hold secret, allowing the veracity of a conspiracy theory usually to be difficult to assess. In general, however, conspiracy theories, tend to be inaccurate or only have a grain of truth in them. Sometimes such theories are spread to promote an underlying purpose, such as the rumor of one’s political opponents, while in other cases it is only a matter of people’s imagination and willingness to understand something otherwise incomprehensible.
Combinations that include a lot of people are very vulnerable, and they tend to be revealed soon. Therefore, there is reason to be generally very skeptical of theories about conspiracies. On the other hand, people with relevant comments to be accused of being conspiracy theorists. It is a questionable but often successful rhetorical approach: because most people know that claims of conspiracies are usually incorrect, the one accused of being conspiracy theorist appears to be a failed person, and the very notion of conspiracy theorists is mainly used pejoratively. The propensity to believe in conspiracy theories is called conspirationism.
Real conspiracies, secret projects and cover-ups are revealed, however, from time to time, such as the Watergate scandal, the IB affair or Echelon. Many conspiracy theories, however, tend to be about conspiracies that are much more comprehensive and powerful than these. The Masonic lodge conspiracy could meet these criteria. That some conspiracies revealed cannot be taken as evidence that other alleged thereby exists.
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