LGBT is an abbreviation, which primarily stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, but occasionally is also used as a noun, then also within the meaning of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender person/persons.” Another option is less frequent abbreviation GLBT (gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender), which can be distinguished less of a feminist by the fact that the word lesbian went up to the second place.
There are also similar abbreviations, but having different content:
- GLB = “gay, Lesbian and bisexual” (occasionally used as noun)
- LGB = “lesbian, gay, and bisexual” (occasionally used as noun)
- LGBTQ = “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer” (occasionally used as noun)
- LGBTI = “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersexual” (occasionally used as noun)
- LGBTIQ = lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersexual and queer” (occasionally used as noun)
There are many other variations, which explicitly take into account other various groups of people, but using all of these options are very rare. The oldest (original) is probably an acronym GL standing for gay and lesbian.
According to the OED, such abbreviation as LGBT, GLBT, LGB, and GLB first appeared in the early 1990s (1990-1993), the acronym LGBTQ is documented since 1996, and abbreviation of LGBTI since 1999.
The first widely used the term homosexual is often used in a negative context, and thus was replaced by the word homophile during the 1950s and 1960s. Subsequently, it was replaced by the term gay in the 1970s. Gradually, there was a distinction between gays and lesbians and the word lesbians has also began to take advantage of.
According to studies conducted in the U.S., the population self-identifying as LGBT decomposes in descending order by bisexuals, homosexuals (lesbians and gay men) and transsexuals.
Moreover, among persons engaging in homosexual relationships, few are those that exclude heterosexual relationships. Thus, according to a French study conducted in 1993, 96.6% of the men having homosexual relationship also maintained heterosexual relationship. American or Danish studies give as great numbers (from 90 to 96%), which shows that homosexuality (sexual orientation only and exclusive towards persons of the same sex) is a very marginal sexual behavior among people engaging in relationships with people of the same sex.
In the course of the 20th and 21st centuries, studies to determine the proportion of the population is engaged in relations of a homosexual nature were conducted in the West. Thus, Alfred Kinsey, in a study carried out in 1948, discovered that 46% of male respondents (5 300 people) and 6 to 14% of women had a sexual experience with a woman and a man, or that these peoplehad already sexually “reacted” to persons of both sexes.
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