The women’s suffrage movement was massive and was conducted by both women and men of diverse views. One of the main differences between the movement members, especially in Britain, was the division into suffragists, seeking to change the constitutional way, and suffragettes, led by Emmeline Pankhurst, who created in 1903 the Social and Political Union of Women practicing more drastic action.
Suffragette movement spread received in late XIX-early XX centuries, mostly in the UK and the U.S. Suffragists actively used non-violent methods of civil disobedience: chained themselves to the gates, sat on the rails, organized demonstrations, and stood in the streets with streamers.
There were also differences in views on the place of women in society. Some thought that women are naturally better, softer, and more concerned about the plight of vulnerable members of society, especially children. In accordance with these views, women’s participation in elections should lead to a more civilized politics and, in particular, will help introduce a turnover control of alcohol. They also believed that the main task of the women was the maintenance of the home, and a woman should be able to influence the laws relating to her home.
Other participants indicated that women should be fully equalized with men, and there should be no such thing as “natural destiny for woman.” Different views were on the right to vote for the other categories of people. Some thought that all adults, regardless of property, gender, and race are eligible to vote, while others believed that women’s suffrage should abolish the right to vote for the members of the poorer classes and men with non-white skin color.
Currently, radical changes in the field of women’s suffrage are expected in Saudi Arabia. The main problem is in particular the perception of the role of women in this country’s society.
In general, women’s suffrage is the right of women to participate in the election of people’s representatives. It includes the right to elect and to be elected.
Until the XIX century, the right of women to vote was granted locally and was usually accompanied by additional constraints (a property qualification, position in the family, society, etc.). Then began a period of growing activity of the women’s suffrage movement. This led to its consolidation in international law in the middle of the XX century.
Currently, the movement is introduced in most countries of the world. One of the first women’s suffrage was introduced to New Zealand (1893), Australia (1902), and the Russian Empire (in the Grand Duchy of Finland, 1906). One of the last in Kuwait (2005), United Arab Emirates (2006), and Saudi Arabia (2011).
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