Indigenous Australia Essay

The position of indigenous Australians was historically deprived and, unfortunately, nowadays the gap between this category of Australian population and the rest of the society is still quite significant. This is why it is still possible to speak about certain discrimination of the aboriginal population of Australia and its deprived position. Obviously, it is hardly possible to speak about equality of indigenous Australians and other Australians and this inequality may be observed in different fields: education, employment, etc. However, particularly striking the inequality remains in the field of health care and this is an extremely serious problem Australia currently faces because the low level of health care provided for indigenous people threatens the future of the local community and, thus, the survival of descendants of the first inhabitants of the country. Continue reading “Indigenous Australia Essay”

Judaism and Christianity Research Paper

Introduction

Judaism, in contrast to Christianity does not make strong accent on the life after death and on the place the soul goes after a person dies. All the teaching of Christianity is based on the idea of reward or punishment, which must befall the person after death. Judaism, which became the source for Christianity has much less mentions about afterlife and reward and punishment. Secret texts of Judaism scarcely talk about afterlife while all Christian writings are filled in with the ideas of afterlife rendering. This can be explained by the very essence of Judaism, which centers on the here and now and teaches people to live right and conscious living not in the fear of punishment or in the anticipation of the reward, but rather directed by higher inner motives and principles. At the same time the ideas of the afterlife reward is in Christianity emerged as a compensation for the sufferings people face during their human existence. Continue reading “Judaism and Christianity Research Paper”

Economic Development Analysis Research Paper

Introduction

Interrelation of politics and economics is inevitable. Better development of political structure of a country results in more effective functioning of state economy and vice versa. Ineffective government policy, inability to provide stability in the country damages economy, which certainly needs a sound background for its development. Nowadays two main ways of economic development are known in the world. They are planned economy represented by the example of former Soviet Union and countries that have been a part of it, and market economy by the example of modern developed countries, such as the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany and others. The conflict between communism, which stated that all people should be equal, and capitalism, which strives for maximum profitability, is still a subject of many heated debates. However, history proved inconsistence of communism, which resulted in the collapse of one of the larges countries in the world – the Soviet Union. However, not only Soviet Union was a communistic state, other countries, including the ones that will be discussed in this study were also communistic; and only China managed to preserve communism for a rather long period of time. Both Albania and Czechoslovakia, which does not exist any more, were communistic states, thus, their economic developed is somewhat different than of those countries, which have never been communistic. So, why does economy depend on politics? First of all economy can develop only when political situation is stable, otherwise, any economic ventures will be too risky even to start. Political regime preconditions economic developed, because under communism economy is planned, and under democracy economy is based on the laws of free market. Of course government continues to influence its development; however, this influence is only effective when economy needs it, in all other cases it can function by itself. Continue reading “Economic Development Analysis Research Paper”

Essay on Diversity Issues

Diversity refers to the variety of backgrounds, orientations and experiences within any group of people.

When a community is diverse there is the presence of different opinions and ways of making meaning that come from the variety within it. This variety arises out of different cultural, racial, ethnic, religious, gender, economic class, political, developed abilities, and/or sexual orientation. It is obvious that diversity in the contemporary community implies not simply difference but also equality that may be briefly worded in as the development of society which members are different but equal. Nonetheless, it is still quite difficult to achieve the ideal of diversity since many issues are still quite significant and provoke controversies within society, such as gender, sexual orientation, race, religious beliefs and many others. Continue reading “Essay on Diversity Issues”

Short Essay about Dracula

The theme of vampires revived in modern literature after the success of Bram Stoker’s Dracula. Dracula became a common name for vampires and certain sort of evils described in modern literature. Dracula was screened by numerous movie makers, it’s plot was remade and enriched by a number of modern writers. But it’s very interesting that from a number of literary pieces: novels, poems, legends and sagas, Dracula is nearly the only literary character of the world of evil who is interesting for modern audience. It’s not a secret that legends and detailed about vampires, witches and other representatives of the world of evil were very common in mediaeval Europe and survived due to the superstitious beliefs of Europeans, deepened by the domination of Catholicism and horrors of Inquisition. Stoker’s novel Dracula appeared to be a uniting link of the world of modernity and world of mediaeval evils.

Dracula legends goes all the way back to Middle Age Transylvanian legends about bloody and notorious Prince of Wallachia Vlad Dracula (Vlad the Impaler). Vlad was considered to be a brilliant militaryman but at the same time he was tyrannical and ruthless to his enemies, he was known for drinking blood of his enemies, murdering homeless and forcing women to commit cannibalism. The story of Bram Stoker is about the curse of Dracula descendents which chased these family for centuries. The story starts as English lawyer John Harker travels to Transylvania to Dracula’s estate to complete one important transaction. He was impressed by the beauty of Romanian nature, picturesque views and at the same he was impressed by the terrible poverty and ignorance of peasants who were scared by vampires and evil forced which reigned in the evil. Everyone mentioned Dracula as the leader of vampires. Harker was impressed when he met count Dracula, who was a very educated gentleman with noble and aristocratic manners. Later Harker nevertheless discovered that Dracula had diabolic nature and that he was a leader of vampires as local people told him. The description of count Dracula correlates with common observations of foreigners from Western Europe who visited Eastern Europe and especially Russia in the nineteenth century. Aristocratic manners of educated noblemen coexisted with hatred and bigotry towards their serfs or peasants. Such dualism and hypocrisy was one the main reasons which prevented those remote states from gradual development relying on the achievements of modernity in politics, government, ethics and technology. That’s why remote mountainous provinces of Romania appeared to be subjected to the brutal forms of evils which tyrannized its population for centuries. From the other side, even at the end of the story nothing had reality changed in Transylvania, as even the termination of vampires did not terminate the system of evils which dominated in the region for years.

The plot of the story perfectly suits Victorian epoch to which it belongs. The second half of the nineteenth century in England was much dictated by social, ethical and technological changes which occurred in previous decades, directing the future development of Western society for years. Old aristocracy was experiencing decline and moral crisis, tradition ethical values were forced out by changes which appeared in family ethics and sexual ethics and relations between people of different social classes. Discoveries made in technology, natural sciences, medicine and biology overturned former views and ideas about the surrounding world destroying religious dogmas which dominated consciousness of Europeans for centuries. At the same time it was a serious strike on traditional morality and ethics of Europeans which was based on Christian values. Ideas to abandon former traditions and beliefs made heroes of Stoker’s novel vulnerable to evil forces represented by count Dracula and his suite. It’s clearly marked in the novel in the words of old professor Van Helsing to his protege John Seward: “You are a clever man, friend John; you reason well, and your wit is bold; but you are too prejudiced. . . . Ah, it is the fault of our science that it wants to explain all; and if it explain not, then it says there is nothing to explain. But yet we see around us every day the growth of new beliefs, which think themselves new; and which are yet but the old, which pretend to be young. . .” (Stoker)

Description of women in the novel Lucy and Mina is also made in Victorian tradition, which despite the rise of modernism was very strict towards family values and sexual relations. A Victorian woman could be either a virgin or a devoted mother and loving wife. Her behavior was dictated by strict morality which did not allow any demonstration of sexuality, which was only permitted in fantasies. Such attitudes were already survivals in the society with changing morality and declining attitudes towards religion and Christian ethics. The conflict of human’s sexuality and Victorian morality is brightly demonstrated on the example of Lucy Westenra, who as a result was tempered by vampire and turned into demonic creature as well. Continue reading “Short Essay about Dracula”

Essay on Thomas Jefferson and His Contributions

Thomas Jefferson is one of the most important and prominent figures in the American history that’s why a lot of scientists and historians have investigated his political and private life for many years. Jefferson is not just a good politician, he is one of the founders of civil rights and main democratic principles in America. Jefferson is a mysterious person and that’s why his life attracts people’s attention and R. B. Bernstein is one of the few writers who is able to penetrate into Jefferson’s mystery in his book called “Thomas Jefferson”.

This or that author usually tries to emphasize one particular feature of Jefferson’s character because Thomas is many-sided individuality, while Bernstein makes an attempt to depict all the features and so to present the whole character and the author’s attempt is very successful. Continue reading “Essay on Thomas Jefferson and His Contributions”

Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood Essay

It’s been proven by scientific researches and simply by the life experience that we all need to belong somewhere or to someone. This feeling of “belonging” and “fitting” is inborn because every human on earth needs to be connected with others, to be by the side of those, who he shares attitudes, interests, and circumstances with.

Developing friendships and other kinds of relationships is a healthy and essential part of growing up. Relationships and cooperation help one first of all get to know other people and become familiar with their inner peculiarities, differences and similarities as well as cognize and understand oneself. Continue reading “Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood Essay”

Robert Altman Critical Essay

Robert Altman, 81, a film director whose “unconventional style stunned audiences in the 1970s and went on to subvert nearly every genre, including Westerns, mysteries and musicals,” passed away on November 20 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, he had lukemia…(1)

Writer/producer/director Altman was and still is considered to be the one of the most productive, if not the most significant and momentous filmmakers of the New Hollywood Cinema. He directed 13 films throughout the decade in 1970s, including the Oscar-nominated hits M*A*S*H in 1970 and Nashville in 1975. His rather complicated and often quite idiosyncratic work dealt with various subjects from women’s issues to crimes and punishments and his movies always faced a varied critical and popular response. Continue reading “Robert Altman Critical Essay”

Essay on Negotiation Process

The substance of the conflict between the Employer and the Employees in the situation described is that the Employer wants effective work, while the Employees wish to appropriate working conditions. It’s evident that both sides are ready and able to provide what the other side demands, but only in case their needs are also satisfied to the maximum extent.

To resolve this impasse different negotiation strategies can be used. If we use positional bargaining, we try to reach a compromise between the demands of both sides. When using positional bargaining the sides are not forced to change their position, and when the positions are not extreme, the satisfying outcome can be reached using this strategy. In the given case, the positions of the sides of the conflict are not excessive. Thus the possibility to reach a satisfying compromise is quite high. Continue reading “Essay on Negotiation Process”

Modern Political Science Essay

Modern political science is characterized by freedom of thought and a great variety of political theories, every one of which has found its followers and opponents. Despite the existence of a great variety of political theories, only some of them prevail nowadays as their followers try to analyze and solve the most important issues of the modern world using these theories. By the 21st century the majority of countries either developed or developing ones have transformed to democratic political regime, because only democracy provides people with equal rights, gives people an opportunity to have a free choice of their political leaders by means of elections and gives people the right to express their opinion about government and every event taking place inside and outside the country. For this reason, his the two most popular political theories nowadays are, of course, democracy and liberalism. Exactly on democracy, liberalism, as well as the theory of environmentalism and feminist social theory famous contemporary political philosophers, focused. They have been studying the patterns of development of democracy and liberalism in the modern society, development of modern feminism and environmental politics, which is an essential part of human life. Continue reading “Modern Political Science Essay”