Diversity refers to the variety of backgrounds, orientations and experiences within any group of people.
When a community is diverse there is the presence of different opinions and ways of making meaning that come from the variety within it. This variety arises out of different cultural, racial, ethnic, religious, gender, economic class, political, developed abilities, and/or sexual orientation. It is obvious that diversity in the contemporary community implies not simply difference but also equality that may be briefly worded in as the development of society which members are different but equal. Nonetheless, it is still quite difficult to achieve the ideal of diversity since many issues are still quite significant and provoke controversies within society, such as gender, sexual orientation, race, religious beliefs and many others. Continue reading “Essay on Diversity Issues”
The theme of vampires revived in modern literature after the success of Bram Stoker’s Dracula. Dracula became a common name for vampires and certain sort of evils described in modern literature. Dracula was screened by numerous movie makers, it’s plot was remade and enriched by a number of modern writers. But it’s very interesting that from a number of literary pieces: novels, poems, legends and sagas, Dracula is nearly the only literary character of the world of evil who is interesting for modern audience. It’s not a secret that legends and detailed about vampires, witches and other representatives of the world of evil were very common in mediaeval Europe and survived due to the superstitious beliefs of Europeans, deepened by the domination of Catholicism and horrors of Inquisition. Stoker’s novel Dracula appeared to be a uniting link of the world of modernity and world of mediaeval evils.
Dracula legends goes all the way back to Middle Age Transylvanian legends about bloody and notorious Prince of Wallachia Vlad Dracula (Vlad the Impaler). Vlad was considered to be a brilliant militaryman but at the same time he was tyrannical and ruthless to his enemies, he was known for drinking blood of his enemies, murdering homeless and forcing women to commit cannibalism. The story of Bram Stoker is about the curse of Dracula descendents which chased these family for centuries. The story starts as English lawyer John Harker travels to Transylvania to Dracula’s estate to complete one important transaction. He was impressed by the beauty of Romanian nature, picturesque views and at the same he was impressed by the terrible poverty and ignorance of peasants who were scared by vampires and evil forced which reigned in the evil. Everyone mentioned Dracula as the leader of vampires. Harker was impressed when he met count Dracula, who was a very educated gentleman with noble and aristocratic manners. Later Harker nevertheless discovered that Dracula had diabolic nature and that he was a leader of vampires as local people told him. The description of count Dracula correlates with common observations of foreigners from Western Europe who visited Eastern Europe and especially Russia in the nineteenth century. Aristocratic manners of educated noblemen coexisted with hatred and bigotry towards their serfs or peasants. Such dualism and hypocrisy was one the main reasons which prevented those remote states from gradual development relying on the achievements of modernity in politics, government, ethics and technology. That’s why remote mountainous provinces of Romania appeared to be subjected to the brutal forms of evils which tyrannized its population for centuries. From the other side, even at the end of the story nothing had reality changed in Transylvania, as even the termination of vampires did not terminate the system of evils which dominated in the region for years.
The plot of the story perfectly suits Victorian epoch to which it belongs. The second half of the nineteenth century in England was much dictated by social, ethical and technological changes which occurred in previous decades, directing the future development of Western society for years. Old aristocracy was experiencing decline and moral crisis, tradition ethical values were forced out by changes which appeared in family ethics and sexual ethics and relations between people of different social classes. Discoveries made in technology, natural sciences, medicine and biology overturned former views and ideas about the surrounding world destroying religious dogmas which dominated consciousness of Europeans for centuries. At the same time it was a serious strike on traditional morality and ethics of Europeans which was based on Christian values. Ideas to abandon former traditions and beliefs made heroes of Stoker’s novel vulnerable to evil forces represented by count Dracula and his suite. It’s clearly marked in the novel in the words of old professor Van Helsing to his protege John Seward: “You are a clever man, friend John; you reason well, and your wit is bold; but you are too prejudiced. . . . Ah, it is the fault of our science that it wants to explain all; and if it explain not, then it says there is nothing to explain. But yet we see around us every day the growth of new beliefs, which think themselves new; and which are yet but the old, which pretend to be young. . .” (Stoker)
Description of women in the novel Lucy and Mina is also made in Victorian tradition, which despite the rise of modernism was very strict towards family values and sexual relations. A Victorian woman could be either a virgin or a devoted mother and loving wife. Her behavior was dictated by strict morality which did not allow any demonstration of sexuality, which was only permitted in fantasies. Such attitudes were already survivals in the society with changing morality and declining attitudes towards religion and Christian ethics. The conflict of human’s sexuality and Victorian morality is brightly demonstrated on the example of Lucy Westenra, who as a result was tempered by vampire and turned into demonic creature as well. Continue reading “Short Essay about Dracula”
Thomas Jefferson is one of the most important and prominent figures in the American history that’s why a lot of scientists and historians have investigated his political and private life for many years. Jefferson is not just a good politician, he is one of the founders of civil rights and main democratic principles in America. Jefferson is a mysterious person and that’s why his life attracts people’s attention and R. B. Bernstein is one of the few writers who is able to penetrate into Jefferson’s mystery in his book called “Thomas Jefferson”.
This or that author usually tries to emphasize one particular feature of Jefferson’s character because Thomas is many-sided individuality, while Bernstein makes an attempt to depict all the features and so to present the whole character and the author’s attempt is very successful. Continue reading “Essay on Thomas Jefferson and His Contributions”
It’s been proven by scientific researches and simply by the life experience that we all need to belong somewhere or to someone. This feeling of “belonging” and “fitting” is inborn because every human on earth needs to be connected with others, to be by the side of those, who he shares attitudes, interests, and circumstances with.
Developing friendships and other kinds of relationships is a healthy and essential part of growing up. Relationships and cooperation help one first of all get to know other people and become familiar with their inner peculiarities, differences and similarities as well as cognize and understand oneself. Continue reading “Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood Essay”
Robert Altman, 81, a film director whose “unconventional style stunned audiences in the 1970s and went on to subvert nearly every genre, including Westerns, mysteries and musicals,” passed away on November 20 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, he had lukemia…(1)
Writer/producer/director Altman was and still is considered to be the one of the most productive, if not the most significant and momentous filmmakers of the New Hollywood Cinema. He directed 13 films throughout the decade in 1970s, including the Oscar-nominated hits M*A*S*H in 1970 and Nashville in 1975. His rather complicated and often quite idiosyncratic work dealt with various subjects from women’s issues to crimes and punishments and his movies always faced a varied critical and popular response. Continue reading “Robert Altman Critical Essay”
The substance of the conflict between the Employer and the Employees in the situation described is that the Employer wants effective work, while the Employees wish to appropriate working conditions. It’s evident that both sides are ready and able to provide what the other side demands, but only in case their needs are also satisfied to the maximum extent.
To resolve this impasse different negotiation strategies can be used. If we use positional bargaining, we try to reach a compromise between the demands of both sides. When using positional bargaining the sides are not forced to change their position, and when the positions are not extreme, the satisfying outcome can be reached using this strategy. In the given case, the positions of the sides of the conflict are not excessive. Thus the possibility to reach a satisfying compromise is quite high. Continue reading “Essay on Negotiation Process”
Modern political science is characterized by freedom of thought and a great variety of political theories, every one of which has found its followers and opponents. Despite the existence of a great variety of political theories, only some of them prevail nowadays as their followers try to analyze and solve the most important issues of the modern world using these theories. By the 21st century the majority of countries either developed or developing ones have transformed to democratic political regime, because only democracy provides people with equal rights, gives people an opportunity to have a free choice of their political leaders by means of elections and gives people the right to express their opinion about government and every event taking place inside and outside the country. For this reason, his the two most popular political theories nowadays are, of course, democracy and liberalism. Exactly on democracy, liberalism, as well as the theory of environmentalism and feminist social theory famous contemporary political philosophers, focused. They have been studying the patterns of development of democracy and liberalism in the modern society, development of modern feminism and environmental politics, which is an essential part of human life. Continue reading “Modern Political Science Essay”
Aggression and violence in modern families
The topic of domestic violence is often discussed in psychological researches and published in scientific and mass magazines. Domestic violence can be observed from different points: either psychological or physical. The latter includes not only beating, but sexual actions and debauches. However I might admit that psychological trauma may be as painful as physical one. It suppresses children’s feeling of happiness, love and identity. As a result children suffer from certain inner disorder. It often leads to criminal actions, asocial behavior or even parents murder.
The problem needs deep complex research with the help of psychologists, medical scientists, sociologists, lawyers etc. Violence against children faces moral accusation and criminal punishment as well. Psychologists, government and other institutions wishing to solve the problem, take certain measures to change the threatening situation. However not much of them appeared to be really efficient. Violence often takes place in families with high level of conflicts, drug and alcohol problems, unlawful behavior and asocial values. Continue reading “Causes of Family Violence Essay”
Communication always played an extremely important role. In the course of time, human relations grew more complicated and so did the process of communication. Gradually, communication became vitally important, especially in such fields as aviation. At the same time, it should be said that the effectiveness of communication influences not only on the safety of flights but also on the quality of services. In this respect, it is possible to refer to the functioning of the airplane engine repair center, in which the effective communication is one of the basic conditions of reliable work of all units of the organization. Continue reading “Communication in Aviation Essay”
Dealing with the topic of racial discrimination, it’s important to mention that nowadays lots of measures have already been taken to solve this problem. Revolutionists stood for equality of all people, apart from their race, sex, language or religion. All people are born equal and they have right to be free. In this way, racial discrimination is supposed to be false, blameworthy and unfair in every respect. No matter whether a person is black or white, whether he is from West or East, he should be respected as a representative of human race. People are equal before God.
Speaking about racial discrimination it’s important to mention an outstanding person Athalie Range who defended rights of Afro-Americans. She is famous for her unbelievable prospects in life, being the first Afro-American woman to occupy high positions in government. At first, she used to serve in Miami Commission and later in the government of Florida. Athalie Range actively participated in political affairs. Maybe that was the reason for her outstanding knowledge of politicians. Speaking about her activities I can’t help telling about probably the most amusing ones. At the age of 80 Athalie took responsibility for the reconstruction of Miami Museum into a “colored” beach, trying to renovate old views.
Although Range is known for being intelligent and polite, she never lost a chance to criticize poor, miserable sides of life. On the whole, she was a real activist in the problem of racism. This can be justified by her struggle for Haitan immigrants, desperate attempts to find working place for Blacks, born in America. She even took part in less important sides of improving life conditions. That is to say Range fought for the building of new playgrounds and proper refuse collection. She even fought against women discrimination, giving them a chance to become political leaders. Athalie greatly improved the situation of Blacks in America, being motivated by her own sad life experience. She once told about awful conditions in an overcrowded school for blacks where she used to study. Educating more than 1000 students it afforded only 13 toilets. There wasn’t enough space for toilets, let alone auditoriums. Her own poor life conditions made her deeply concerned in taking certain measures in order to improve even unimportant elements of Blacks’ life.
Lots of other activists used to fight against racial segregation in the USA. Many of them continue to take measures even now, when people became more tolerant to colored nation. They used different methods of resisting the oppression. Black children had to study apart from their white colleagues.
Even public toilettes used to be separate. Moderate black revolutionists were called “Uncle Tom”, for they were not strict and persistent in their actions. Along with “soft” activists there still were hard-edged leaders. Continue reading “Essay on Color and Race Discrimination”